MLCS Graduate Student Conference 2018

Transcending Connections

Thursday, February 15, 2018

 8:00 – 8:25Coffee

 8:30 – 8:35Opening Remarks 

  • Dr. Micah True, Graduate Associate Chair, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 8:35 – 9:55Panel One: Transcending Time and Place

Moderator: Héloïse Torck, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: Dr. Andreas Stuhlmann, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 10:05 – 11:25Panel Two: In Conversation with Linguistics

Moderator: Richard Feddersen, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: TBA

 11:35 – 12:30Lunch Break

 12:35 – 13:40Panel Three: Sexualities and Identities

Moderator: Yan (Belinda) Wang, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: Dr. Victoria Ruetalo, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 13:50 – 15:10Panel Four: Migration, Language, and (Trans-)cultural Identities

Moderator: Houssem Ben Lazreg, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: Dr. Elena Siemens, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 15:20 – 16:30Panel Five: Literature and Beyond in East Asia

Moderator: Wangtaolue Guo, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: TBA

 19:00 – 23:00Creative Night at Dewey’s

 Friday, February 16, 2018

 8:30 – 8:55Coffee

 9:00 – 10:10Keynote

  • Dr. Salah Basalamah, School of Translation and Interpretation, University of Ottawa
    “The Transformations of the Translation Concept From the Postcolonial to the Decolonial”

 10:15 – 11:20Panel Six: Lost in Translation

Moderator: Bashair Alibrahim, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: Dr. Sathya Rao, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 11:30 – 12:25Lunch Break

 12:30 – 13:35Panel Seven: Beyond Humanity

Moderator: Jay Friesen, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: TBA

 13:45 – 14:50Panel Eight: Connecting Nature

Moderator: Lisa Fisnot, Université François Rabelais
Commentator: Dr. Odile Cisneros, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 15:00 – 16:00Roundtable: Offside: Hypermasculinity in Hockey

Moderator: Laura Velazquez, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
Commentator: Dr. Carrie Smith-Prei, Chair, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies


  • Richard Feddersen, Departement of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
  • Jay Friesen, Departement of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
  • Amelia Hall, Departement of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies

 16:00 – 16:10Closing Remarks

Dr. Carrie Smith-Prei, Chair, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
MLCS Graduate Student Conference 2018

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Transcending Connections: Participants

Keynote: Dr Salah Basalamah is now Associate Professor at the School of Translation and Interpretation, University of Ottawa. His fields of research include the Philosophy of Translation, Translation Rights, Social and Political Philosophy, Postcolonial, Cultural and Religious Studies, as well as Western Islam and Muslims. He’s the author of Le droit de traduire. Une politique culturelle pour la mondialisation [The Right to Translate. A Cultural Policy for Globalization] (2009) at the University of Ottawa Press, and he translated from English into French Fred A. Reed’s Shattered Images (2002) [Images brisées at VLB (2010)] on the ancient and contemporary history of Syria. Since 2014, he teaches a multidisciplinary PhD seminar on the diversity of Canadian Muslims at the Institute of Canadian and Aboriginal Studies (ICAS) at the University of Ottawa.

John Mukonzi Musyoki is a graduate from Kenyatta University in Kenya who graduated on July 2016 with a B.A in English, Linguistics and Literature. Before immigrating into Canada, Mukonzi worked as an Assistant English Creatives Editor for Longhorn Publishers Kenya Limited. He is currently an M.A student in the drama department in the University of Alberta. Mukonzi has been conducting his research on Post-colonial theatre besides undertaking his graduate studies. John has been in Canada for a year and has worked as a developmental dramaturge for Colleen Murphy for the new play Bright Burning. He recently worked as a production dramaturge for Workshop West Playwright Theatre in the staging of the play John Ware Reimagined this November. As a playwright, researcher and a dramaturge, John has been receiving mentorship from Vern Thiessen a widely produced playwright in Canada known for the plays Einstein’s Gift (2015), Lenin Embalmers (2010) and Apple (2002) among many other plays. Mukonzi has also dramaturged Medea by Euripides and The Skriker by Caryl Churchill. Additionally his new play Beyond the Darkness: The Golden Handshake received its first stage reading in New Works Festival this fall. He is passionate on mediating ways in which storytelling can be used to bring the society close to its realities by making it forum for discussion and (re)consideration. John loves writing stories that challenge narrative conventions and conservative viewpoints.

“Time and Place as Definitive Aspects of Postcolonialism in Francis Imbuga’s The Green Cross of Kafira”

Mirjana UzelacI am a PhD candidate in Anthropology at the University of Alberta. I received a BA in Archaeology and MA in Anthropology from the University of Belgrade, Serbia. My Master’s thesis focuses on museum practices and politics of representation in the Nikola Tesla Museum in Belgrade. My current research examines astronomy and astrophysics in post-Yugoslav, post-socialist Serbia. Through conversations with Serbian scientists I seek to learn what makes them tick, what makes them angry, and is there such a thing as a Serbian national scientific tradition.

“Astronomy Talks: Scientific Communication among Scientists in Serbia”
Astrophysics community in Serbia is small and close-knit, which results in a highly informal way of communication. My paper examines scientific communication and transfer of knowledge within this community: language use and particular cultural and social practices that accompany it. I am particularly interested in glocalization practices in communication among scientists. The term “glocalization”, according to Robertson (1997), refers to “the co-presence – of both universalizing and particularizing tendencies”. This can be observed in astrophysics community in Serbia and its communication practices. Local jargon prevails and universal scientific topics are often mixed with personal ones. As a result, Serbian astrophysicists discuss even the most important scientific topics using glocalization; universal scientific language and conduct are adapted to reflect local use. It is particularly interesting to explore how this approach functions when it comes to communicating with foreign colleagues. Are there cases of miscommunication? Do scientists from various cultural backgrounds manage to communicate without problems? How does this impact the transfer of scientific knowledge? These are some of the questions my paper seeks to address.

Banafsheh Mohammadi: My academic background is strictly architectural. I received my Bachelor of Architectural Engineering degree from The Islamic Azad University in 2011; my thesis was about sustainable mobile architecture. I received my Master of Architectural Design degree from the University of Tehran in 2015; my thesis discussed the possibility of re-thinking the discourse of solitude in the design of total establishments such as prisons. I joined Pennsylvania State University in 2016 to study Master of Science in Architecture; during my studies at Penn State, my research interests shifted towards criticism and history of architecture, therefore I joined University of Alberta’s History of Art, Design and Visual Culture, where I study towards completion of my PhD.
My interest lies in the borders of architecture with history and philosophy. I particularly work on architecture’s history of phenomenology, and how some of its figures have appropriated works of Heidegger, particularly those he wrote after the 1940’s onward.

“A Tragic Anecdote in Five Acts: Louis Sullivan and the Getty Tomb”
In 1980, the Chicago-based American architect, Louis Sullivan (1897-1961), designed a tomb for Carrie Eliza Getty. Critics call the Getty tomb one of the best architectural designs of Sullivan’s that gives us a clear expression of his design philosophy. The tomb has a rectilinear plan that resembles Achaemenid tombs as well as Greek Temples. In general, tombs follow the archetype of temple design. The ornamental patterns used in the Getty Tomb, though, resemble Gothic ornaments. Louis Sullivan was clearly drawing on many traditions of different periods in time.
In his “Essay on Inspiration” (1886), written in a somewhat esoteric style—which was Sullivan’s prose choice when discussing the philosophy of architecture—he discusses who an architect/poet is and how s/he becomes inspired to create a work of art. He speaks of the architect as a melancholic who, emerging temporarily from this state, creates a work of art.
Recent scholarship has traced the roots of Sullivan’s design philosophy in Transcendentalism. This places Sullivan at the critical point of a turn from Romanticism to Modernism in the United States, when capitalism was taking its hold on major architectural commissions.
In this essay, I explore the ways in which looking at the Getty Tomb vis-a-vis “Essay on Inspiration” can reveal to us the challenging underpinnings of Sullivan’s thought. I believe the dichotomies that troubled Sullivan during his life, above all a dichotomy between Capitalism and Romanticism, translated into many specific design choices that he made; the same concerns still trouble architects who attempt to espouse the two.

Elise LaCroix is in her second year of the MA program in Drama at the University of Alberta. Her research focuses on the dynamics in new play dramaturgy relationships when working across difference, including differences around culture, socio-economic class, sexual orientation, and artistic discipline to name a few. She presented her first paper, which focused on the dramaturge’s role in bringing the aquatic onstage, at the Canadian Association of Theatre Research conference in May 2017 in Toronto. Elise is also active in the theatre community, and has recently worked as production dramaturge on Lady From the Sea directed by Michael Bradley, and Antigone directed by Alex Donovan, as well as being the new play dramaturge for the New Works Festival In Development Unit this past fall.

“Working Across Culture in Canadian New Play Development”
My paper will explore intercultural new play dramaturgy relationships in Canada. A dramaturge is to a play what an editor is to a novel. They provide critical and stimulating feedback to a playwright throughout their process, and both emerging and established playwrights work with dramaturges across Canada and internationally. A long held belief about the role of the dramaturge is that they are complete outsiders to the creation process. They can assist the process without affecting it directly. What happens when the dramaturge is cultural outsider to the playwright or content of work being developed? Which is becoming more and more common as our country continues to diversify. Questioning conventional tenets of interculturalism, Jaqueline Lo and Helen Gilbert emphasize that both parties in an intercultural relationship “undergo a series of transformations and challenges in the process of exchange” (Lo 44). If this is in fact the case, what can and should dramaturges be doing in intercultural creative relationships? How can they adapt and translate their own processes to adjust to the diverse needs of the texts and artists they work with? All the while negotiating the inevitability of the influence of their own cultural filters on the text being developed simply through their participation in the process?
Through the examination of six interviews I conducted with professional Canadian dramaturges this past summer about working and communicating across culture, my paper will investigate the negotiation of intercultural dynamics in new play development processes. What do these intercultural creation processes mean for the plays that are currently making their way onto our Canadian stages?

Lo, Jacqueline and Gilbert, Helen. “Toward a Topography of Cross-Cultural Theatre Praxis.” The Drama Review, vol. 46, no. 3, 2002, pp. 31-53.

Xiaoyun Wang: I am a second-year Master’s student in the Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Alberta. I am currently conducting research in the field of Chinese linguistics under the supervision of Prof. Xiaoting Li. My M.A. thesis research is on the interactional functions of the causal conjunction suoyi ‘so’ in Mandarin conversation.
I began my Chinese teaching career as an online Chinese language course instructor at Michigan State University in 2009. I conducted my M.Ed. in Teaching English as a Second Language at the University of San Diego from 2011 to 2013. My research paper, “Using Teacher Feedback to Improve the Students’ Writing” won the Outstanding Scholar Recognition award from the School of Education. I independently taught two undergraduate level Chinese language courses at the University of Alberta in the school year of 2016-2017.

“Suoyi ‘so’ as a part of account in Mandarin conversation”
In talk-in-interaction, unexpected or unlooked social actions usually make giving an account becomes relevant (Heritage, 1988). A variety of morphosyntactic devises can be used to give an account have been documented in different languages (Ford and Mori, 1994; Song and Tao, 2008). This study explores the interactional function of the conjunction suoyi ‘so’ used as a part of account in Mandarin conversation.
Suoyi ‘so’ is a conjunction indicating results after yinwei ‘because’ clause in Mandarin grammar. Previous research has sketched its function as a discourse marker based on the data of TV shows in foregrounding information, topic organization, and turn-taking (Fang, 2000; Yao, 2009). Its interactional functions in naturally occurring Mandarin conversation are largely unexplored.
This study adopts the methodology of conversation analysis and interactional linguistics. The data for this study are 12 hours of naturally occurring Mandarin face-to-face conversation. An examination of the data shows that in addition to indicating results and conclusions, suoyi is also used as a part of account to explain a pervious utterance. Specifically, participants tend to use suoyi, as a part of account, to explain an extreme case formulation, strong evaluation, disagreement, and contrast. When the account is initiated by yinwei ‘because,’ a prosodic break always occurs between suoyi-leading turn construction unit (TCU) and the prior TCU. When yinwei is not used to give an account, the whole account belongs to one intonation unit. This study contributes to our understanding of the interactional uses of causal conjunctions from a cross-linguistic perspective.

Saori Daiju came from Japan where she first received an MA in English Linguistics in 2016 at Keio University. She is currently a 2nd year graduate student in the Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Alberta. She is enrolled in the Japanese Linguistics program where she specializes in taking discourse-functional approach to grammar.

“Grammar in Japanese question-response sequence:  A study of NANI ‘what’ in specifying and telling questions”
Recent studies (e.g., Raymond 2003) have highlighted the intimate connection between linguistic structure and its use. I focus on the two types of question word (QW) interrogatives, specifying and telling (Thompson et al. 2015) in Japanese conversation.
Generally, the two types are clearly divided according to the specific types of QWs. Questions with QWs such as dare ‘who’ and itsu ‘when’ seek specific information, which results in specifying questions, whereas QWs such as doo ‘how’ and nande/dooshite ‘why’ ask about the manner and reason, requiring an explanation in the answer, resulting in telling questions.
However, I have found that nani ‘what’ is used in both; specifying nani appears with grammatical markers such as the direct object marker o and/or high semantic content verbs which often result in short response, as in:
A: kanojo no nani o shirabeta tte? ‘(They) investigated her what?’
B: koodoo ‘(Her) behavior’.
They link the question to the prior utterances or speech context so that nani is framed to focus on the missing information.
By contrast, the telling nani is used singly as nani ‘What?’ or with low semantic content verbs as in nani shiten no ‘What are you doing?’ These nani do not make a specific connection with the prior utterances nor speech context and thus require responses that do more than simply specify the missing information. This study highlights the connection between linguistic structure and its use by revealing that Japanese QWs are structured in specific ways to serve the two types of questions in the question-response sequence.

Stefana VukadinovichI am a first year graduate student at the Department of East Asian Studies. I have received my bachelor degree in Chinese Language and Literature at Kazan Federal University. I also studied Mandarin Chinese at Hunan Normal University as an exchange student and in South China Normal University as a scholarship student. During my undergraduate studies, I was very interested in the use of Chinese language, especially in everyday speech. Now I am working under Prof. Xiaoting Li’s supervision, who is an outstanding linguist in the field of Chinese Interactional Linguistics. The research about imperative sentences I want to present at the Graduate Student Conference is my MA project.

“Imperative sentences in Mandarin conversation”
My research interest focuses on the use of imperative sentences in Mandarin everyday conversation. Traditionally, Chinese imperatives are considered as sentences expressing a command (Li & Thompson, 1981). The way Chinese speakers try to soften a command, the use of a sentence-final particles and the occurrence of negative imperatives (Sun, 1952) have been studied based only on grammar books, where all provided examples consisted of invented sentences. This research is the first study about the use of imperatives in naturally occurring Mandarin conversation.
I plan to collect 9 hours of video data in Beijing. All the participants will be native speakers of Mandarin Chinese. Each dialogue is planned to last from 60 to 90 minutes. Participants will be free to choose any topic for the discussion. After the data collection, the conversations will be transcribed and analysed. The methodology that has been chosen for this study includes Conversation Analysis and Interactional Linguistics (Couper-Kuhlen and Selting 2001). All the imperative sentences will be coded, divided into different types, due to the action they perform, and analysed in terms of multimodal analysis, which includes syntactic, prosodic and bodily-visual practices. This study will fill the gap of our understanding of the imperatives, and uncover the real use of such type of sentences in naturally occurring Mandarin conversation.

Olena Sivachenko: I am a PhD candidate in Slavic Linguistics. My research interests are in the field of SLA. My research focus is on the development of pragmatic competence of learners of Ukrainian, as well as on Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL).

“A Typology of Internal Syntactic Modifiers for the Speech Act of Requesting: The Case of Native Ukrainian Speakers”
While communicating with native speakers, second language (L2) learners may make speech errors that can interfere with the message clarity (linguistic errors) and/ or lead to inaccurate perception of L2 learners by native speakers (pragmatic errors).
One of the most problematic aspects of pragmatics for L2 learners is requests. Particularly, English-speaking learners of Ukrainian may encounter difficulties in making requests since request pragmatics in Anglo-American Slavic cultures are different. One way of teaching L2 learners how to request is by means of classroom-based instruction. However, the Ukrainian textbooks used in Canadian post-secondary institutions are very often based on authors’ language intuition rather than examples of how the given speech acts actually function in the target language. Therefore, there is an acute need for a Ukrainian language corpus, reflecting the usage of Ukrainian pragmatics. Hence, the objective of this study is to propose a typology of internal syntactic modifiers that serve either to soften or to intensify the impositive nature of requests, Ukrainian in particular. The study is an online survey and involves 111 native speakers of Ukrainian. The survey contains eleven Discourse Completion Tasks (DCTs), which are organized around communicative contexts differing in interlocutors’ power, distance and degree of imposition on the speaker.
This study contributes to the growth of empirical research on Ukrainian language pragmatics. Also, the obtained corpus of syntactic modifiers can serve as a source of data for the development of teaching and learning materials that will enable learners of Ukrainian to successfully communicate with native speakers.

Samantha Wesch: I am an MA student in the department of Women’s and Gender Studies, and hold a BA (Hons) in Philosophy from the University of Alberta and an MA in Philosophy from the University of Toronto. My research interests are in both Kant and Foucault scholarship and applying the work of Kant and Foucault to contemporary moral and political conflicts. I have published academic articles on the ethics of representation, Kantian ethics, and Foucault’s moral perfectionism. I am currently working on a project with Michelle Meagher and Chloe Taylor which critically engages with the work and public persona of the rapper Eminem, examining the ways in which Mathers’ engages with both hegemonic and white working class identities, and their relationship to family violence, substance abuse, and the current alt-right political movement in the United States and Canada.

“Whatever You Say I Am: Eminem, Masculinity, Heterotopia”
Marshall Mathers, better know by his stage name, Eminem, has drawn media and critical attention recently with the release of his song “Campaign Speech” (2016) and the Untitled Freestyle (2017) for the BET Hip Hop Music Awards, both which are critical of Trump, and question the alt-right movement in the United States and working-class white masculinities and identities. Though this is the first time Mathers’ has gained widespread approval and interest for his political position, it is certainly not his first engagement with race, whiteness, masculinity, and identity. This presentation will discuss Eminem’s use of a tripartite identity to critically engages with identity politics and moral and political conflicts to which white working classes in the United States are subjected to. Throughout his career, Eminem has spoken through three distinct identities; Marshall (the father, friend, Christian), Slim Shady (violent, hyper-sexual, and demonic), and Eminem (intellectual, moral, political). I argue, together these constitute what Michel Foucault called a “heterotopia,” a place of non-hegemony and non-being, where understandings of identity being essential, static, and inherent are refuted, and being is destabilized. It is in the artistic heterotopia in which I argue Mathers’ refutes essentialism towards race and gender (particularly assumptions about white working-class masculinity and its relationship to violence) and acts as a political resistance towards current notions of “whiteness” in relation to the racist and xenophobia of the alt-right movement.

Wangtaolue Guo is an MA student of transnational and comparative literatures at the University of Alberta. Before joining the U of A, he received his BA in translation from Jinan University and MA in translation from Chinese University of Hong Kong. His research interests include gender and queer studies, postcolonial studies, translation, and multi-ethnic literature.

“Kindred Soul, Cool Kid, and Bizarre Fetus: Constructing Queer Identity Through Translation in Taiwan”
In “Globally Queer? Taiwanese Homosexualities in Translation,” Andrea Bachner emphasizes that “to address the question of queerness in Chinese-speaking contexts automatically ushers in the issue of translation” (90). However, among the existing discourses, which either focus on the cultural specificity of homoeroticism in feudal or early republican China or examine contemporary Chinese queer politics, no research seems to fully elaborate upon or critique how the term queer was introduced into the Sinophone world through translation and how the translation(s) helped/failed in constructing a new queer identity in Chinese societies.
This paper aims to address the dynamics of translation and queer identity formation in Taiwan by looking into tongzhi (kindred soul), ku’er (cool kid), and guaitai (bizarre fetus), three Mandarin Chinese translations of the term queer. I start with a historical overview of terms in Chinese societies referring to homosexuality/being homosexual up until the 1990s. Then I describe the occasion when local intelligentsia started to use tongzhi, ku’er, and guaitai for self-affirmation when the concept of queer was introduced to Taiwan. A new analytical framework – lexical contact nebula – is adopted to examine the origins of those words and their correlation with their Japanese/Russian counterparts. I argue that translation of queer as tongzhi, ku’er, or guaitai aspires to differentiate from earlier discursive terms. However, in coining neologisms, translators have in the meantime resurrected the attributes that they tried to dissociate from. By delineating the translation and refraction of queer identity in Taiwan, I welcome continual negotiation of translation and queer studies.

Mel Mikhail is an MA student in Gender Studies and Feminist Research at McMaster University in Hamilton, ON. Mel’s research interests include: queer and trans diaspora; debates in queer, feminist and trans theory; Middle Eastern feminisms; Marxist feminisms.

“Thinking Trans-sexuality: Towards A Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality in Iran”
This paper reads the work of gender historian and scholar, Afsaneh Najmabadi, alongside the works of popular queer theorists Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick and Gayle Rubin. I suggest that through this reading, a radical theory of sexual politics specific to the Iranian cultural context emerges. This cultural specificity consists in how some transferable aspects of sexual economy are uniquely organized for nation-forming ends in Iran other than the way similar aspects are instrumentalized in the American context.
My investigation is specific to the contemporary practice of ‘filtering’ that Najmabadi describes as the process whereby “‘true transsexuals’” are legally distinguished “from misguided or opportunist homosexuals…seeking to avoid anti-homosexual censure.” The practice of filtering creates a “social space” where the conditions of possibility for a fluidity between homosexuality and transsexuality/transgenderism are given. Reading Najmabadi and Sedgwick, I identify similarities and differences between the Western and Iranian contexts in terms of conceptual understandings of sex and gender. Reading Najmabadi and Rubin, I identify similarities and differences between the two cultural contexts in terms of the medical, religious, and legal regulations of sex and gender.
My paper intends to contribute to a broader project of transnational feminist scholarship that aims, among other things, to consider the “mutually constitutive” relationship between “gender, sexuality, state, and nation,” and to “undo naturalized geopolitical boundaries.”

Allison Bajt: In 2012 I graduated from the University of Calgary with a BA in Psychology with distinction and a minor in German. I am currently in my final year of an MA in Applied Linguistics with a specialization in German. I was motivated to pursue my MA at the U of C due to the many strong, positive relationships I made within the German department during my time as an undergraduate student, and in particular, the support of my wonderful supervisor, Dr. Mary O’Brien. My research interests include second language pedagogy, identity and language learning, and the development of culturally sensitive and transformative teaching practices for diverse language learners. I am especially inspired by Jim Cummin’s work on identity texts with Indigenous students and Dual Language Learners in Canada. When I am not on campus you will find me practicing yoga, drawing or painting, or running the bike path along the Bow River.

“The Effect of Authoring Dual Language Identity Texts on Dual Language Learners’ Literacy Skills in Arabic and English and Linguistic Identity”
For Dual Language Learners or DLLs (i.e., immigrant children or the Canadian-born children of immigrants who are exposed to a minority language at home), a language barrier can make it difficult to compete with their English-proficient peers at school. In response, teacher-researcher teams have developed culturally sensitive pedagogies that incorporate DLL’s first language into English language instruction and support achievement in both languages. For example, dual language identity texts are an instructional tool in which Dual Language Learners work with their family to compose texts in their home language (L1) and the dominant language of society (i.e., English). As learners share their texts with different audiences, their multilingual identities are mirrored back in a positive light. In this study, young Dual Language Learners in a local family literacy program will author dual language identity texts in their L1 (Arabic) and English in collaboration with their parents. I will investigate the extent to which this authoring affects emergent literacy skills and linguistic identity. I will also seek to determine how family literacy programs can use these texts to shed light on the language learning needs of newcomers and help shape positive conceptions of multilingualism in Canada.

Larisa Sembaliuk Cheladyn is a PhD student at the UAlberta, and also serves as the Community Liaison for the Kule Folklore Centre. She completed her BFA in Art & Design in 1981 and has become a well-known Ukrainian Canadian artist and illustrator. In 2016 she completed her MA in Ukrainian Folklore. Larisa’s research interests are related to media and cultural studies, specifically cultural identity through textiles and fashion, family and community photographic documentation, as well as comics and graphic novels. Larisa has co-curated exhibits including “Images of Faith, Hope and Beauty”, “Journey to Canada”, and “Making a New Home” for the Kule Folklore Centre, “Lest We Forget” for the Ukrainian Canadian Archives and Museum of Alberta, and “Five Waves of Inspiration” for the Alberta Council for the Ukrainian Arts. Larisa is currently creating a new installation entitled “The 1000 Pillow Project” which is based on her MA thesis.

“Creating a Sense of Place One Stitch at a Time:  The role of embroidered pillows in the Ukrainian Canadian Community”
Since the first arrival of Ukrainians to Canada in 1891, the folk art of pillow embroidery has endured six generations and five waves of immigration. Over that period of time, Ukrainian Canadian embroidered pillows (podushky) have been a form of decoration, and their creation a leisure activity. To some they are a means of artistic expression and outstanding craftsmanship; others regard them as keepsakes out of respect for their ancestral connections. My research has also identified podushky as expressions of group affiliation and cultural identity; helping [re]define social, spatial, cultural, and temporal connections in Ukrainian Canadian homes.
To gain a deeper insight into the nature of these artifacts, the artisans who created them, and how they are interconnected, I have negotiated between past and present; gathering information from 57 interviews, and analysis of 496 Canadian-made, hand-embroidered podushky created between 1920 and 2015. Like many personal possessions, embroidered podushky have a life trajectory of their own. Some were created spontaneously, others evolved through detailed planning. Their meaning and significance is often held within many generational layers. This paper presents a brief history of the Ukrainian Canadian embroidered pillow (podushka) and further reflects on the narrative associated with the production and consumption of these unique artifacts, describing how they became an index of such a large diaspora community.

Martina Podboj is a PhD student of Linguistics at the University of Zagreb, Croatia. She had been teaching English for Specific Purposes at high school and college-level, and Croatian as Second and Foreign Language at university-level across Croatia. She is currently employed at the Wirth Institute for Austrian and Central European Studies at the University of Alberta. Her main fields of interest are (critical) discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, second language acquisition, and the interconnectedness of language and identity in the context of migration and language learning. In her PhD research Martina focuses on the discursive construction of identity in narratives of personal experience told by females who emigrated from Croatia in the 2010s. She aims to analyse how these migrants structure their personal narratives and which linguistic devices they employ in order to position themselves and other social actors within the spatial, temporal, and social settings of the migrant experience.

“Narrating the migrant experience”
Migration is a complex experience during which individuals, for various reasons, must replace familiar social, cultural, and linguistic contexts with new, unfamiliar ones. This process affects all aspects of the self, which makes migrant identities such a compelling object of inquiry. But despite the profound effect it has on the individual, in public discourse migration is usually constructed as a collective, negative, and unwanted phenomenon. Simultaneously, migrants are constructed as non-agentive, depersonalized, as a threat, and as the ‘Other’ (Van Leeuwen, 2008; Krzyżanowski and Wodak, 2008; Wodak 2013). However, recent years have seen a proliferation of research on personal narratives told by migrants and more authors are employing analysis of narrative discourse in order to illuminate the complexities of individual aspects of the migrant experience (De Fina, 2003; Baynham and De Fina, 2005, 2017; De Fina and King, 2011; Relaño Pastor, 2014; De Fina and Tseng, 2017). This is due to the nature of narrative, which is recognized as a ubiquitous discourse genre that fulfills many different functions, such as understanding and sharing life experiences and negotiating identities. Furthermore, as above mentioned authors claim, narratives reflect and shape social realities and relationships, thus migrant narratives can give insight into wider social practices and ideologies present in transnational communities. The aim of this presentation is to question dominant racist and nationalist discourses on migration and present narrative analysis as a fruitful method for gaining a better understanding of migration through empowering migrant voices and challenging over-generalizations and stereotypes.

Silvia Sgaramella is a doctoral candidate specializing in Russian language and literature in the Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies at the University of Alberta. Her background is in Slavic Linguistics and Philology combined with SLA (Second Language Acquisition); she has been teaching languages since 2006, in particular ESL (English as a Second Language), Russian, and Italian. Over the last four years, along with her project on cultural influences in Maximus the Greek’s thought and writings, her research has been focusing on Writing Centre Theory and Practice and Writing Studies, with particular attention to ESL students.

“Interdisciplinary Connections Through Writing Group Pedagogy in Non-Credit Courses for ESL Graduate Students”
Although institutions try to offer writing support and/or writing courses, some ESL graduate students may find that there is still a wide gap between their needs and the resources available on campus. As a result, the lack of adequate instruction impedes the development of these students’ research literacies and scholarly identities, which are essential to join the discourse of their writing communities (Badenhorst & Guerin, 2015). While this is an issue that is common among graduate students who are native speakers of English, it becomes more problematic when it comes to ESL graduate students who are facing cultural shock and adjustment to a new academic context. However, “academese” (research/academic writing) “can be actively taught” (Badenhorst & Guerin, 2015, p. 16). This presentation outlines a teaching model, implemented at the University of Alberta, based on writing group pedagogy applied to non-credit courses; due to its flexibility, this model has the potential to facilitate the learning of academic writing conventions among ESL graduate students while taking their diversity into account through in-class discussions and negotiation of the syllabus. At the same time, through the application of writing group pedagogical tools, such as peer review activities, the proposed model promotes an interdisciplinary conversation among the participants.
References: Badenhorst, C., & Guerin, C. (2015). Post/Graduate Research Literacies and Writing Pedagogies. In C. Badenhorst & C. Guerin (Eds.), Research literacies and writing pedagogies for masters and doctoral writers (pp. 3-28). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.

Shan Ren is an MA student of East Asian Studies at the University of Alberta. She received her B.A. in Japanese Language and Literature from Fudan University. Her research primarily focuses on pre-modern Japanese literature and its relationship with Chinese literature, with a particular interest in yomihon, a unique type of Japanese novel during the Edo period (1603-1868). She is currently examining how yomihon was created, constructed and developed in Edo Japan by exploring the literary tradition, political and social change, and ideological development. Furthermore, she also tries to explore yomihon from a trans-regional perspective, by analyzing the interaction between nativist studies and Chinese studies.

“Literary Contact Nebulae in East Asia- Adaptation Novels during the 16th to 19th Centuries”
In this paper, I try to construct a literary contact nebulae, a concept coined by Karen Thornber in “Rethinking the World in World Literature-East Asia and Literary Contact Nebulae”, in pre-modern East Asia (16th century-19th century), by focusing mainly on the hazy edges among Chinese, Japanese and Korean literary worlds. There was a boom of Chinese vernacular novels, for example, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, among pre-modern East Asian countries, which led many Japanese, Korean, and even some Chinese writers to translate, borrow, adapt or even rewrite many of these stories either in order to attract more readers or just to satisfy their own interest. Imjin War (1592–1598) plays an important role in this literary contact nebulae. On the one hand, this war changed the regional power balance, which led to the appearance of various new literary genres, on the other hand, it also accelerated the circulation and dissemination of books among these 3 countries. Another important factor is the Neo-Confucianism, which was worshiped as the official study in all of the 3 countries during that period. Writers from different regions understood and applied this ideology in their writing in different ways. By analyzing several representative vernacular novels, it can be concluded that when a literary work travels from one place to another, it will experience reception, adaptation, as well as rejection due to the political, social, cultural, and ideological difference.

Xuanying Wang is a 3rd-year MA student from the Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Alberta. Her research focuses on classical Chinese critical theory.

“Cure of Language: Analogies in Zhuangzi
Zhuangzi, one of the fundamental texts in Chinese Daoist school of thoughts, occupies an important place in the discussion of language philosophy in ancient Chinese thinking. Contrary to Confucius’ belief that language is a structure that could unify and regulate the objective world, Zhuangzi maintains that names (ming), words (ci) and language (yan), which all refer to concepts in Chinese language system, can hardly grasp and express the unified form of being. It thus questions the unreliable nature of names (ming), words (ci) and language (yan) in expressing properly the concept of Dao (the Way).
In this presentation, I would argue that even though language itself is unreliable, Zhuangzi still believes that Dao could be achieved as he actively experiments with different writing strategies within the language system. I will examine the use of analogies in Zhuangzi, so as to demonstrate that analogies in Zhuangzi not only function as a form of poetic expression, but also a unique rhetorical strategy. They are not only used to replace the fixed definitions of concepts, thus breaking down the unified system of signifiers and signified, but also provide a way for Zhuangzi to construct his unique discourse, thus avoiding the world to lapse into ossification caused by language.

Yan (Belinda) Wang is a third-year PhD student of Comparative Literature program in the Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies. She has an education background of translation studies and she is particularly interested in translating contemporary Chinese martial arts fiction. Her research focuses on the genre of Chinese martial arts and knight-errantry narratives spanning from pre-modern to contemporary China, as well as kung fu movies since the 1960s. She is interested in exploring this massive corpus of literary tradition from the perspectives of gender and queer studies, and her current project concerns the representation of sexually transgressive knights-errant in Chinese martial arts fiction and film.

“Violence in Chinese Martial Arts Cinema: Representation, Expression and Substitution”
Do Chinese martial arts films promote violence among the public, or do they provide an emotional outlet for people’s frustration with the social reality? Many scholars and film critics condemn excessive violence on screen, arguing that it distorts the conception of social reality, and that the viewers would be encouraged to become insubordinate and violent. However, some other scholars argue that violence is a fundamental part of humanity (Nietzsche), and though it cannot be eliminated, it can be diverted (Girard). Therefore, violence in film would function as a substitution of and the channeling device for various forms of systematic violence concealed in our social and political construct.
In this presentation, I would examine the representation of violence in Chinese marital arts film, and argue that violence in the martial arts genre expresses not only inequality, injustice and oppression of our social life, but our psychological desire for blood and pleasure as well. As a form of expression, the close relationship between Chinese martial arts and religions determines the ritualized performative nature of martial arts action scenes. Thus, the violence in Chinese martial arts movies are always endowed with a religious and philosophical undertone. Finally, the transgressive nature of Chinese knight-errantry enables violence to question and invert the power dynamics of social life.

Laura L. Velazquez is a PhD student in the program of Comparative and Transnational Literatures at the University of Alberta. Her academic background is in the fields of Classics, Chinese language and literature and Comparative Literature. Her research interests include folklore and mythology, Greek epic tradition, attic tragedy, medieval literature in Latin, Neolatin literature, Chinese folk literature, classical reception in Hispanic and Chinese contemporary literatures, literary theory and popular culture.

“Quid lamia? or What is a witch(lamia)?  The stories behind an untranslatable”
De lamiis liber or “The book on lamias (witches)” is one of the most famous and influential witchcraft treatises produced during the witch craze in the Early Modern period in Europe. Written by the father of modern psychiatry and precursor of Sigmund Freud, Johannes Weyer, a couple of purposes have been attributed to the composition of this work: denounce the barbarities of the persecution of witches and expose the evil deeds of Catholic priests. This ambiguity has initiated a debate about the unintelligible way of argumentation of Weyer and has overshadowed the philological and philosophical nuances of his work. Inheritor of the classical tradition, De lamiis liber, as might be expected, is rich in terminology to describe the witches. Incantatrix, saga, venefica, strix, malefica, lamia, all of these designations tend to be translated under the generic English designation of “witch.” The term lamia is of particular interest, because of the obscure etymological origin of the word. Based on Emily Apter’s notion of the “untranslatable,” this essay aims to look deeper into the mythological, philosophical, religious and philological reasons behind the usage of the appellation lamia to name the witch and its relationship to other terminology such as malefica. Being aware of the stories behind the word lamia can certainly help us to understand not only the complexity of the historical and semantic background of the word, but also the fierce intellectual and religious dispute that at the time confronted Catholics and Protestants, nuances that are irremediably lost under the English translation “witch.”

Bashair Alibrahim is a 4th year PhD candidate at the Translation Studies Department at the University of Alberta. She has her MA in translation studies from the University of Alberta, and her BA in Modern Languages and Translation from King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. She is a free lance translator and an Arabic and French language instructor. Her research interests are around the field of self-translation, bilingualism, bi-culturality, and cultural nomadism.

“(The Original)?: between translation and self translation”
Spivaks’s “most intimate act of reading” (i.e. translation) is a diverse, multi faceted practice that accepts a wide variety of suffixes and prefixes that designate specific types of translation. This paper explores the effect of the prefix (self) in the practice of “self-translation” and contrasts it against the practice of translation per se. Starting with a theoretical reflection on the practice of translation, the paper highlights the nuances between literary translation in its classic sense and translation of the self as a form of literary production. Using examples of authors/ self-translators across the literary map, from the Canadian Nancy Huston to the Brazilian João Ubaldo Ribeiro, and from the Turkish Talât Sait Halman to the Indian Rabindranath Tagore as well as many others, this presentation compares the translation strategies of these authors-translators with those of classic translators who are foreign agents to the text of the original. The paper adopts multiple points of view in the general contrast between the practice of translation and that of self-translation, namely textual, personal, as well as literary aspects. Through different examples from authors, translators, readerships and literary worlds, the  resentation brings out the uniqueness of the practice of (self)translation, as well as its challenges as a doubled (squared) act of expression. In that sense, the paper highlights the ways in which the prefix “self-“ in the practice of “self-translation” offers a transcending connection between classic creative writing and conventional translation.

Ludmila Lambeinová: I graduated from Palacký University Olomouc in the Czech Republic and earned my Master’s Degree in Polish Philology and History. Currently, I am working on a Ph.D. thesis entitled The Character of Polish-Czech Translation of Academic Papers Based on the Texts about the 20th Century History of Poland.
My research is focused on the 20th century history of Poland in translation. In my doctoral research I focus on describing the language of history, general questions connected with academic texts in translation, translation of culture-bound items and specific translation problems connected with Polish-Czech translation. I have also experience in teaching Czech for Foreigners.

“History in translation: A case study”
As my research is focused on history in translation, I would like to present case study of a translation of book about Polish history (Kosman 2007), published in Czech translation in 2011 (Kosman 2011) .
The case is seen of special interest for several reasons. Firstly, the source text should be regarded as popular history written for non-specialists. On the contrary, the target text was published by prestigious academic publishing house. Thus, it could be assumed that the targeted reader group are university students and specialists. From the point of view of so called Skopos theory this is a change of the purpose. According this theory, translator’s decisions are governed by the purpose of the translation. From this reason, this case study seems relevant for a fruitful comparison. What this translation is like compared to its original? Why publishers decided to translate this source text as academic handbook? Why publisher did choose this particular source text? Moreover, both texts contain some controversial issues regarding Czech-Polish relations in the past. The topic could be approached from different point of views – on the one hand, from socio-cultural point of view, we can observe how author of source text creates images of Polish nation. On the other hand, these fragments are good occasions to discuss interventionist approach vs. non-interventionist approach of translator.
Finally, I consider the role of paratext (namely front cover and preface) and its relationship with the main text. It seems that mentioned paratextual elements reinforce traditional stereotypes about Poland, neighboring country of the Czech Republic.

Hong Nguyen-Sears is an M.A. student in English at the University of Calgary. She holds a B.A. in English from the University of Alberta and studied for two years through the University of British Columbia’s optional-residency M.F.A. program. Her research interests include the Canadian memory of the First World War and narrative interactivity in novels and video games. Her creative work has appeared in Room Magazine and the Scars anthology Negative Space, as well as online at The Story Shack and Plenitude Magazine.

“Empathy vs. Projection in BioWare’s Mass Effect and Dragon Age: Inquisition: A Comparative Reading of Virmire and ‘Here Lies the Abyss’”
The Virmire mission in Mass Effect is an example of the emotional hostage-taking that BioWare is known for: in a dire situation Shepard, the player character, is forced to pick which of two squadmates will survive the mission. Over the course of many hours of immersive investment, the player must make a difficult decision on behalf of their avatar, and the consequences are felt throughout the rest of the trilogy. Seven years later, BioWare’s Dragon Age: Inquisition all but repeats the essence of the Virmire mission to questionable success. “Here Lies the Abyss” is difficult not because of the player-character’s investment in the choice, but in the player’s investment in the choice, potentially between two beloved characters of the series.
This paper will consider the narrative difference between the Virmire mission and Here Lies the Abyss through an exploration of the player and player-character relationship: to what extent does Mass Effect’s Virmire decision encourage empathy for the player-character? And, does “Here Lies the Abyss”’s questionable success prioritize projection of the player on the player-character; that is, prioritize the emotional weight of the decision on the player themselves rather than on the character actually living the narrative? Inevitably, this paper will also question the notion of consequence in interactive storytelling using both missions: at what point in a long-running game series does the player’s experience of the overarching narrative begin to overshadow the experience of the immediate narrative?

Alex Bunten-Walberg: I am a first-year PhD student in the department of English and Film Studies. I hold a BA from MacEwan University and an MA from the University of Victoria, where my Master’s project focused on Philip K. Dick’s novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep. My primary areas of research include science fiction, posthumanist theory, animal studies, and ethics. In my dissertation, I plan to explore the relationship between posthumanism, historicity, and politics through an examination of science fiction.

“From Posthumanist Ontology to Social Collectivity in Octavia Butler’s Parable of the Sower
I will explore the issue of how collectivity takes shape in the face of difference and catastrophe through an examination of Octavia Butler’s Parable of the Sower alongside vital materialist and affect theory. Collectivity is a central problem of trying to think beyond the destructive cycle of capital accumulation and fossil fuel reliance that threatens to foreclose the possibility of a long-term human future on our planet. For instance, a vital materialist standpoint that acknowledges the agency of the nonhuman world might hope to “generate a more subtle awareness of the complicated web of dissonant connections between bodies, and […] enable wiser interventions into that ecology” (Bennett 4), but it is unclear how ontological reconceptualizations (especially those that decenter the human subject and thus seem abstracted from the immediate realm of the political) might produce social mobilization. In Octavia Butler’s novel, America is in a state of ongoing social collapse as a result of environmental crisis. After her community is decimated, the protagonist, Lauren, carves out a survival based on collectivity – relationships of mutual trust she literally collects along her journey. The collectivity Lauren engages in is not based primarily on shared belief, but rather shared vulnerability and trust in the face of mutual unknowability. I argue that Butler’s imagination of a collectivity that relies on continually negotiated relationships ‘collected’ over time might help us think through possibilities of traversing the gap between ontological frameworks that decenter the human subject and the social organization necessary for confronting looming catastrophe.

Alyssa Bartlett is an multidisciplinary actor, dancer, playwright and academic. She is currently pursuing an MFA in Theatre Practice at the University of Alberta, focussing on the relationship between text (spoken and written word and sound) and movement in creation methodologies and performance. She is particularly interested in the body as a site of knowledge holding and creation, as well as digital and virtual technologies in the creation of repertoire. Her thesis adapts Margaret Atwood’s poem “Marrying the Hangman” for the stage, using devised theatre practices and choreography. She recently collaborated with neuroscientist Natasha Kovacevic in creating ‘My Virtual Dream’, an experimental project that fuses dance and neurotechnology. Her devised play “Invisible City” is available through the Playwright’s Guild of Canada.
She regularly works as an actor, dancer, movement coach and theatre educator.

“Spatiality and the Body in Site Specific Theatre, New Media and Performance Art”
This paper examines the ways in which movements such as site specific theatre and Body Art from the postmodern era have challenged the ways in which we think about space and view the body. It also touches on the necessary discussion of how the digital era of new media and the post-human have altered our concept of body and spatiality in the context of robot performers and pixel space on digital screens. Through the example of Victoria Hunter’s site specific dance creation process, we delve into a method that does not automatically privilege the vision of a singular, creative artist, and instead focusses on communicating bodily and phenomenologically with place and space as a character in its own right. In Blast Theory’s Nights in This City, we see the company’s confrontation with the inability of language to ‘speak to’ the multiplicity of their chosen sites, and the understanding that the choice of place is a type of language in itself. In Huang Yi and KUKA, the duet between human and robot challenges the idea of what can be considered a body, taking into account empathetic response to non-human bodies and entertainment value. In their 2014 article, Raz Schwatz and Germaine Halegoua consider consider of how social media users construct bodily presence through location sharing apps. Finally, in Marina Abramovic’s Lips of Thomas, and ORLAN’s plastic surgeries, the understanding of the body is enlarged to consider the material body as a speaking, thinking body with agency.

Cameron Paul is a PhD student at the University of Alberta and holds both a B.A. (Hon.) and M.A. in English from the University of British Columbia. His work has appeared in Canadian Literature and current research focuses on the intersection politics of resource extraction, labour, and mobility in North America.

“‘So You Met The Americans’: Cross-Border Water Politics in Brian K. Vaughan’s We Stand on Guard
My presentation examines themes of cross-border water extraction and resource security in Brian K. Vaughan’s graphic novel We Stand on Guard [2015]. Set in the year 2124, twelve years after Canada has been overrun by a technologically advanced United States military, We Stand on Guard posits a dystopic vision of future U.S.-Canada relations. Towering, weaponized machines lumber across a now-occupied Northern Canada in search of rebellious opposition members, a diverse group who form the text’s main protagonists. Throughout these wartime encounters there is, however, a recurrent motif: the connective interplay between American perceptions of a subversive ecoterrorism operating in Canada and, alternatively, Canadian oppositions to the industrialized expropriation of water resources by occupying Americans. Such a war over water resources may appear easy for readers to relegate to an imaginative or unlikely future; however, the contemporary cultural anxieties surrounding the commodification of water from which such dystopic speculation emerge offer an important precedent worth examining more closely. By performing a brief political-ecological analysis of the cross-border relations between the United States and Canada, my presentation ultimately argues We Stand on Guard’s own narrative anxieties surrounding water export and national sovereignty in many ways mirror and inform those of our own contemporary moment.

Keah Hansen is pursuing a Masters of Arts English Literature program at the University of Alberta, and is also currently a research assistant for the Canadian Writers’ Research Collaboratory. Her research interests include ecocriticism, affect and critical theory, and Canadian and Indigenous cultural production. She graduated from McGill University with an Honours bachelor’s degree in English Literature, with her thesis focusing on a feminist psychoanalytic reading of Margaret Atwood’s Wilderness Tips. Her auxiliary passions include heritage conservation, poetry and the digital humanities. She is also bilingual. In her free time, she enjoys gardening, rock climbing and trying new forms of movement. Her paper submitted for the MLCS Annual CONNECTIONS Conference is titled “Unsettling Metaphor in Canadian Nature Writings”.

“Unsettling Metaphor in Canadian Nature Writing”
In my paper, I trace the crisis observed in metaphor, as described by Don McKay in Vis-à-Vis, when applied to the nature writings of Catherine Parr Traill, Margaret Murie and Merilyn Mohr, in Treasures of the Place: Three Centuries of Nature Writing in Canada, edited by Wayne Grady. Grady writes in his introduction to the anthology that “nature writers, intent as they are on breaking down barriers between man and nature, are perhaps also disposed to breaking down the barriers between genres” (9), a statement applying to the excerpts, which all use figurative language to forward their aspirations of conservation. I contrast McKay’s figure of metaphor as “home-making” (28), with “wild figuration” (70), specifically when the “place [created] within the temporal rush of syntax” (72) is literally someone’s (animal, plant or Indigenous community’s) home. I choose to focus on three female settler writers because I wonder if the tension between place-making and conservation might find reconciliation either through the care-taking responsibilities hoisted on women, or through their softer ecology methodology encouraged by limited scientific or managerial training. I speculate that this interstice might justify the emotional values of metaphor, affectively provoking the reader to slow (as effected through poetry) and listen. Finally, to consider contemporary conservational poetic practices, I analyze the more recent work of Rita Wong, Undercurrent, as she simultaneously focuses on the decomposition of barriers between bodies, alongside a conscious act of de-familiarizing, to bring the plethora of foreign/artificial and natural objects in Canada into uncomfortable proximity, thus “un-settling” the innate settling tendency of metaphor.

Titash Choudhury: I recently completed my masters in Anthropology from the department of Anthropology. I did my first masters in Ecology, Environment and Sustainable development and worked as a wildlife conservationists for WWF-India for around two half years. My research interest is on stakeholder interaction, resource politics and human-animal relations, political ecology

“Birds don’t give a dam: The politics of wildlife conservation and nature in the Himalayas”
Over the last decade, Arunachal Pradesh, or the larger region known as Northeast Himalayas, has not only become a potential energy frontier to meet India’s surging energy demands, but an opportunity for those in the state seeking political and financial independence. Dams are celebrated and endorsed as a ‘clean” and “renewable” energy sources that ensure sustainable
development, and politicians and major corporations are making promises of great economic benefits and job opportunities arising from these projects. However, rapid development, lack of appropriate consultation, and the deficiencies of environmental and social impact assessment have provoked political and social debates in the region. Simultaneously, since the region is
known to be biodiversity rich and geographically fragile, the impacts of the developmental activities has raised concerns among wildlife biologists, ecologists and experts regarding the potential negative impacts on ecology, economy, and society. In this discourse of energy development, deteriorating ecosystem integrity, and heightened vulnerability, Arunachal Pradesh is increasingly being represented as a place of economic opportunities for both region and nation, but also of risks and vulnerabilities. In this setting, there is also resistance and negotiation, and interactions between various forces that are shaping a new social-environmental relationship. Focusing on one community, the Monpas, who are the largest ethnic group in the region, and the case study of Nyamjang Chhu hydropower project, I discuss how different stakeholders such as developers, conservationists, and religious institutions deploy narratives of change, articulate their respective claims over resources, developmental plans and conservation ideas; the political power relations within and between these different stakeholders, and explore how the Monpas respond to and negotiate with these dominant perspectives.

Richard, Jay, and Amelia are each graduate students in MLCS with diverse research topics, connected by a shared love of hockey. Each of them brings a unique set of perspectives and experiences to their readings of hockey.
Richard is a PhD student in Applied Linguistics, with special focus on identity construction. Being from Germany with its soccer culture that also struggles with hypermasculinity and homophobia, he started to enjoy hockey – to his own amazement! – when he came to Canada, and became interested in questions of queer identity and masculinity in regards to hockey culture and fandom.
Jay began playing hockey when wood hockey sticks were still a thing and is presently trying to maintain his position as “Bench Warmer” on his Rec league team. After his boyhood dream of playing in the NHL failed to materialize, he shifted his focus to researching comedy, social commentary, and community build, which together backdrop his contributions to today’s discussion.
Amelia comes from a hockey family, and has played the game since she could walk. Her experience in boys’ hockey has allowed her to develop strategies for navigating, or even queering this traditionally male-dominated, at times toxic arena. In essence, hockey taught her how to be a man – which in part informs her critique of the culture.
Furthermore, Richard, Jay, and Amelia are respectively the assistant captain, coach, and captain of the MLCS hockey team, the Fluffy Roasters.

Roundtable: Hypermasculinity in Hockey 
Like any popular spectator sport, professional hockey has deep ties to the identity of its players, fans, and the broader community. While the sport’s connection to Canadian national identity is a familiar one to any resident of the country, this roundtable will explore one of the less-discussed identities developed in the national imaginary through hockey: that of masculinity.
This roundtable brings together the hockey culture experiences of three speakers to examine how hockey is presently in a state of flux after generations of functioning as a pervasive stage for the performance and reproduction of hegemonic masculinity. We will discuss how hockey culture constructs, reproduces, and subverts discourses of gender, focusing particularly on issues such as aggression, hyper-masculinity, sexuality, and exclusive subcultures.
While there are various ways to discuss the above themes, the panelists draw extensively from hockey-focused cultural productions to guide the discussion. For instance, the panel considers online fan fiction, hockey comedy, and National Hockey League broadcast commentaries to offer various angles from which to observe and unpack the dynamics of the game and its players, both on and off of the ice. In doing so, the panel will demonstrate how hockey’s discourses can both promote or hinder the engagement of communities who have traditionally been excluded from representation and participation in the sport. Further, the panel will explore how hockey’s continued growth into non-traditional types of media perhaps opens new opportunities to consider hockey and, consequently, participate in the game, either as a fan or a player.


Call for Papers

MLCS Graduate Student Conference

Annual CONNECTIONS Conference:

Transcending Connections 2018

When:                                                     February 15th and 16th 2018
Where:                                                   University of Alberta
Submission Deadline:                   November 17th 2017   December 1st, 2017
Notification:                                       December 10th 2017


The Graduate Student Council of the Modern Languages and Cultural Studies department at the University of Alberta invites submissions for its annual Connections conference: Transcending Connections 2018. We will be accepting academic and creative contributions that go beyond drawing the connections between languages, communities, cultures, artistic works, and concepts; by questioning, exploring, and interpreting their significance. Academic panels will be grouped based on themes and are open to all disciplines across the Social Sciences and Humanities, including but not limited to fields such as Applied Linguistics, Translation, Literature, and Cultural Studies. The Graduate Student Council welcomes everyone working in those fields or related fields, and strongly encourages new graduate students to participate.

“I believe that life is chaotic, a jumble of accidents, ambitions, misconceptions, bold intentions, lazy happenstances, and unintended consequences, yet I also believe that there are connections that illuminate our world, revealing its endless mystery and wonder.” (David Maraniss)

Areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

Academic Contributions:
●      Communication
●      Connection through translation
●      Literary connections
●      Creative nonfiction
●      Politicization of aesthetics
●      Visual culture
●      Digital worlds
Artistic Contributions:
●      Poetry reading
●      Performance art
●      Comics
●      Storytelling
●      Paintings
●      Sculptures
●      Singer/Songwriting

Academic presentations will be 15 minutes in length, followed by a 5-minute discussion period. Panel discussions and round tables will run for 60 minutes.
Artistic contributions can be submitted in addition to academic papers, and will be showcased during our Creative Night on campus.


Academic Contributions:
●      250-word abstract
●      150-word bio
Artistic Contributions:
●      example of creative work (e.g. a photo or excerpt)
●      150-word bio

Please submit your proposal via this form only by December 1st, 2017. If you have any questions, feel free to contact Notifications will be sent by December 10th 2017. Acceptance will be based on content quality, originality, and academic significance.

Dr. Salah Basalamah

Dr. Salah Basalamah

Salah Basalamah is now Associate Professor at the School of Translation and Interpretation, University of Ottawa. His fields of research include the Philosophy of Translation, Translation Rights, Social and Political Philosophy, Postcolonial, Cultural and Religious Studies, as well as Western Islam and Muslims. He’s the author of Le droit de traduire. Une politique culturelle pour la mondialisation [The Right to Translate. A Cultural Policy for Globalization] (2009) at the University of Ottawa Press, and he translated from English into French Fred A. Reed’s Shattered Images (2002) [Images brisées at VLB (2010)] on the ancient and contemporary history of Syria. Since 2014, he teaches a multidisciplinary PhD seminar on the diversity of Canadian Muslims at the Institute of Canadian and Aboriginal Studies (ICAS) at the University of Ottawa.

The University of Alberta respectfully acknowledges that we are located on Treaty 6 territory, a traditional gathering place for diverse Indigenous peoples including the Cree, Blackfoot, Metis, Nakota Sioux, Iroquois, Dene, Ojibway/ Saulteaux/Anishinaabe, Inuit, and many others whose histories, languages, and cultures continue to influence our vibrant community.

Keynote speaker: Dr. Hester Baer

“Crafting Connections”



Hester Baer is an associate professor of German and film studies at the University of Maryland, College Park, where she chairs the Department of Germanic Studies. She has published widely on German film, digital media, contemporary literature, and feminism. She is the author of Dismantling the Dream Factory: Gender, German Cinema, and the Postwar Quest for a New Film Language (2009), and the co-editor of German Women’s Writing in the Twenty-First Century (2015). She is currently working on a book about German cinema from 1980-2010. Baer is the recipient of Fulbright and DAAD grants, and she has served as the President of the South Central Modern Language Association and the Coalition of Women in German.

(DIS)CONNECTIONS Conference Program

Have a look at our conference schedule! More to follow.All panels will be held in the Senate Chamber in Arts 326.

Thursday, Feb 2

10:00-10:25             Coffee

10:30-12:00            Opening Remarks
Dr. Carrie Smith-Prei (Associate Chair for Graduate Studies)

                                   Panel 1: Using Language, Teaching Language
Sofía Lorena Sanchez, MLCS
“Discourse markers in argumentative writing among university learners of Spanish as a foreign language”

Brian Rusk, Linguistics
“From a classifier language to English: Do EFL classrooms benefit acquisition of English in number marking?”

Yoichi Mukai, Linguistics
“Durational variability as perceptual correlates of fluency in L2 conversational speech”

Saori Daiju, East Asian Studies
“Distal demonstrative “are” for unspecified referents in Japanese everyday talk: connecting to discourse and co-participants”

12:00-12:55             Lunch Break

13:00-14:30             Panel 2: Code Fail Repeat: Computational Experiments in Humanities

Jérémie Pelletier-Gagnon, MLCS
“Uncovering a genre (2): Unsupervised topic modelling and genre discourse analysis”

Chelsea Miya, English and Film Studies
“Datafying Dickinson: A case study in poetry as data”

Vickie Richard, MLCS
“Accounts of interactions that precede heterosex sexual activity: An enactive cultural psychological study”

Axel Pérez Trujillo Diniz, MLCS
“Atlas of the Brazilian plains: Extracting geographical data from literature”

14:40-15:30             Panel 3: Showing Our True Colours: Identity Construction and Representation

Jay Friesen, MLCS
“Disconnecting Cosby”

Amelia Hall, MLCS
“Projections on The Walls: Towards a re-signification of cultural heritage in the historical center of Campeche”

Richard Feddersen, MLCS
“Who are we? How German as a foreign language textbooks construct German identity and racial stereotypes”


Thursday, Feb 2 from 6-10pm at Dewey’s!


 Friday, Feb 3

09:00-09:20             Coffee

09:25-10:30             Opening Remarks
Dr. Laura Beard (MLCS Department Chair)

Panel 4: Literature Across Cultures

Oksana Cheypesh, MLCS
“Venus, Don Juan, and Galician market in borderlands”

Anna Antonova, MLCS
“Alice Munroe’s “Gravel” in translation: Interpretations and reconstructions”

Sylvia Madueke, MLCS
“Postcolonial “Translation”: A study of two African classics in French translation”

10:45-11:45             Panel 5: Subversion and Social Issues in Chinese Literature

Yan Wang, MLCS
“Vengeance for father and murder of son: Paradoxical representation of female knight-errant in Extensive Records of the Taiping Era

Yuan Zhang, East Asian Studies
“Lin Yutang’s traveling Daoism in moment in Peking”

Haiyan Yie, MLCS
“Humanism and the absurd in Yan Lianke’s fiction”

12:00-12:55             Lunch Break

13:00-13:45             Panel 6: Canadiana

Dalaina Heiberg, Political Science, University of Chicago
“Seeing and building the common world: reorienting politics between non-Indigenous people and Indigenous people(s) in Canada”

Danika Jorgensen-Skakum, Gender and Social Justice
“‘Disgusting, Beautiful, and Safe’: Exploring queer feminist community through the Fourth Wave Freaks Zine in Southern Alberta”

14:15-15:30            KEYNOTE

Dr. Hester Baer
Associate Professor, Department Head and Graduate Director in Germanic Studies, University of Maryland

“Crafting Connections”